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Since March, pro-Thaksin ‘red-shirt’ protestors have caused chaos in and paralyzed Bangkok in their demonstrations against the current Ahbisit Government. The protestors are loosely affiliated to the main opposition party, the United Front for Democracy against Dictatorship, and say Prime Minister Ahbisit Vejjajiva came to power illegitimately and is a puppet of the military. They want him to resign and call fresh elections.

The protests have called to attention the fundamental schism that divides Thai society and the simmering tensions that have led to the current political crisis. Since 2006, with the overthrow of Thaksin’s government by a military coup, the gap between the political, military and aristocratic elites in Bangkok and the rural poor in the country’s North has widened. In 2008, ‘yellow-shirt’ protestors overthrew a freshly elected pro-Thaksin government and installed Ahbisit as the Prime Minister of a government that red-shirt protestors say lacks a popular mandate. On the other hand, the elites and the ‘yellow shirts’ fear that the ‘red-shirts’ seek to overthrow the monarchy and threaten their position in Thailand’s hierarchy

Although the protests have ended and the military has arrested the top opposition leaders, yet the fundamental schisms that divided the country and caused the conflicts in the first place have not been resolved. As long as the Government is unable to address the grievances held by the 'red-shirts', conflict will continue to arise and a repeat of the protests, with even more dire consequences, will be inevitable.